How do calligraphy nibs work? A visual map to explain the magic… Part 2

In my last blog post I explained about calligraphy pens, how they work and the different types. Today let’s have a look at the nib itself.

Photo credit: Jenny Jones

Nibs are pointy little silver magic wands. A genius combination of design and gravity makes a pointed calligraphy nib one of my favourite inventions in the world.

The curve of the nib is what holds the ink up. It’s a simple trick of gravity, surface tension and viscosity – you can even ‘scoop’ ink up with your nib as if it were a spoon!

Photo credit: Jenny Jones

Modern calligraphy nibs are split down the centre, and the two halves of a nib are the ‘tines‘. Ink flows down the centre slit to make marks on the paper.

As pressure is applied to the tip of the nib, the tines split and it’s the distance between them which determines the width of your letterforms.

The shoulders of a nib affect flexibility. The broader the shoulders, the less flexible your nib will be. Some of my favourite nibs have shoulder slits – the Blue Pumpkin for example. Shoulder slits add flexibility by effectively narrowing the shoulders of the nib.

The final part of a nib is the vent. This is a tiny hole in the centre of the nib, designed for air and ink flow – but actually forming a magic little ‘window’ to indicate when ink is about to run out. Just before you need to re-dip your nib, the ink in the window will  ‘pop’ like a bubble, leaving the window clear.

Photo credit: Jenny Jones | kits available on Etsy

Buy a modern calligraphy starter kit and begin your calligraphy adventures today!

Are handmade papers suitable for modern calligraphy?

Way back in 2012 I first came across Cox & Cox‘s handmade place cards. They were beautiful, handmade paper with soft, torn edges. Cox & Cox advertised them as being ‘beautiful to write on’ – but the opposite was true! These were rough, fibrous and almost impossible to write on with a calligraphy nib and ink.

But handmade papers are more popular now, more widely available and in a wider range of finishes. There are handmade paper makers who work primarily with calligraphers and wedding stylists too. Silk & Willow were the first; lovely Kate Cullen has launched her own handmade papers for the UK wedding market this year.

Are they suitable for calligraphy? The truth is, they’re incredibly hard to write on – but they are so beautiful it would be criminal not to try!

This week I’ve been writing invitations on Silk & Willow papers. They’re fibrous – cotton rag papers have long fibres which bind the paper together. But they don’t always lay flat, and they catch between the tines of a calligraphy nib. This makes choosing a nib super hard!

Rough surfaced papers wear nibs quickly. I’d bought in plenty of spares for this week’s order – and luckily I’d stocked up on some of my fave ‘standard’ nibs at the same time. Things weren’t going to work out as planned…

I’d had an email chat with Emily (the bride) where I’d mentioned I’d need to test the paper was ok for calligraphy – she sent me her Silk & Willow paper and I tested it with a Leonardt EF Principal nib – not too flexible, to allow fine hairlines which were essential for the small stationery and contemporary wedding invitation wording.

The test was a success, but I did have to warn Emily that fibres would catch in the nib as I wrote, and they’d create some thicker lines and curves.

We went ahead with Emily’s blessing.

The Leonardt nib wore very quickly as expected. The key to writing on handmade papers is to go super slowly, especially around curves and corners where the nib is travelling sideways. Loose fibres will catch in the nib – there’s no escaping it – so the trick is to watch every tiny movement of the pen and be ready to stop at the barest fraction of a second’s notice.

A brand new nib causes fewer problems. As the nibs I was using wore, they picked up more fibres and slowed me down, so I tried alternatives to the Leonardt nib on a similar paper – and surprisingly, the Nikko G performed best of all. It’s not sharp, and it’s tight enough to make super thin hairlines on handmade papers. Win!

The nibs I tried (L-R) were Nikko G, Leonardt EF Principal, Leonardt 111EF, and Gillott 404

I finished Emily and Matthew’s invitations happily with the Nikko G. They have a few little catches where the nib dragged those tiny fibres across, but overall the effect is beautiful. Hand calligraphy on handmade papers is a special kind of magic – it’s raw and real and I love it.

Behind the scenes – what a calligrapher actually does!

This last week has been fairly light on calligraphy orders as I booked 3 days off for my birthday and to spend some time with my mum visiting my sister, her husband and our adorable little nephew. The in-between times were spent replying to email enquiries, writing family trees and posting calligraphy supplies to customers from my Etsy shop.

Photo credit: Jenny Jones Photography

Not every calligraphy order is bespoke or handwritten – I enjoy mixing my own inks and began selling them in 2017. Wednesday was spent mixing shades of grey and metallic inks for new customers and preparing calligraphy kits for more lovely Etsy shoppers.


Credit: Jenny Jones Photography

I was super happy to sell two sets of my modern wedding invitations on Not On The High Street this week – Adam ordered a bespoke version of ‘Modern Scribe‘ and Anna chose ‘Fashionista‘ – both lovely suites designed and launched back in January. Invitations are really competitive – so many wedding stationers struggle to get their businesses off the ground so I’m thrilled to see sales picking up for our new collections.

I’m looking forward to developing my lettering in the coming months – basic ‘modern calligraphy’ is slowly fading in popularity and brides and grooms are looking for unique and elegant lettering, so I plan to spend some time studying more elaborate lettering, flourishes and romantic calligraphy forms. Watch this space!

Photo credit: Catharine Noble Photography

We’re almost fully booked for the modern calligraphy workshop in Manchester on the 26th of May (Saturday) – but there are still a couple of places left, and they’re only £52 now. To find out more and book your place, visit my Etsy shop –

Calligraphy projects – April

I keep hearing that we should all be blogging more… and to be honest, I take so many pics of every commission and calligraphy project which leaves my studio, I should be kicking myself for not blogging and sharing them with you!

Whether you’re learning calligraphy or just curious about what a calligrapher gets up to on a daily basis, I hope my blog will inform and entertain you as I – hopefully – share all of my projects here as they leave the studio.

April was busy with custom projects – a handful of family trees now with a new proof process before I despatch anything (it’s kind of lovely to get feedback before anything goes in the post).

The first draft of that Quaker Marriage certificate (which eventually had a floral border and banner illustration added)

A bespoke Quaker wedding certificate with ivy and forget-me-nots which was a dream to write.

calligraphy workshop
The classroom at Manchester Craft & Design Centre, all calligraphy-workshop-ready!

A calligraphy class in Manchester, with a lovely group including my youngest ever student (and her mum!) – Kiera was a star and wrote me a gorgeous gift tag to say thank you. It’s hung up in my studio now 🙂

Calligraphy commission in a formal lettering style (sideways on my screen! oops!)

Two bespoke on the day stationery sets with place names, table plans, table names / numbers, and calligraphy signage – one couple chose a modern style with dusky pink lettering; the other opted for a more classic copperplate calligraphy, with black ink on watercolour paper.

Gorgeous place names from Strawberry Sorbet

More new wedding invitations for the English Wedding Blog – our shop is growing, and invite samples are in demand, which is nice! (I have a dozen or so invitations designed which still aren’t on the website – time just flies!)

Place cards for the fabulous letterpress brand Strawberry Sorbet – these were a last minute order and a dream to write!

Another sideways image! Custom calligraphy for an Italian wedding editorial photoshoot

Samples for wedding editorial photoshoots which were sent to photographers in Italy and around the UK (so exciting!)

Walking adventures in the Lake District 🙂

We also had a few little breaks, first to Kielder Observatory (recommended for stargazers and geeky folks!) and then to Edinburgh and Manchester for concerts.

And more press features, which is always wonderful. My calligraphy made brief appearances in Wedding Flowers and Accessories magazine (thanks to lovely Anneli Marinovich for sharing these images on her social media), the Wedding Community blog, Selvedge magazine, Love My Dress blog, Your Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wedding magazine, and the brand new Lakes and Cumbria Wedding magazine.

Crazy I know, but I actually wrote a few of the articles in here, and organised the cover photoshoot! That image by Camilla Lucinda Photography is just divine…

Coming up in May…

It’s my birthday month, so there are a few playing out days planned… but also a calligraphy workshop at the end of the month, wedding orders for tags and table plan cards, more invitations to be printed, and hopefully calligraphy kit sales after a little relaunch… watch this space!

How do calligraphy nibs work? A visual map to explain the magic… Part 1

Calligraphers are generally serious, quietly academic types. Or were, in the days of formal lettering required to be a ‘proper businessman’. However, I’m blessed with a childish sense of humour I should have grown out of twenty years ago.


Photo credit: Jenny Jones

I’m going to take you on a journey from shaft to flange, via tips and teeth, to explain how a calligraphy pen and nib set both looks and works. Apologies for any puerile content – blame the manufacturers!

Let’s start with a basic, straight dip pen. These are mainly used for old-school italic, roman and gothic calligraphy, but can work for modern calligraphy too. I should clarify: when I talk about modern calligraphy I mean all those loose variations of very informal copperplate, made with a ‘pointed’ pen (i.e. nib).

So the dip pen is simply a straight shaft of wood or plastic, with a slot at the wide end in which the nib is inserted. Some dip pens have a circular or semi-circular groove cut into the end – your nib will just slot into this until if feels firmly held.

Others have teeth – but ignore those! Your nib should slot into the circular gap around the outside of the teeth (as shown in the photo below).

With a straight pen, it can be tricky for right-handers to achieve the correct pen angle for modern calligraphy lettering. This is why the oblique penholder exists. The extra piece (flange) on the side of an oblique penholder always sits to the left, and means your nib will point more to the right than it would with a straight pen. Oblique holders look trickier than they are. Try one and see!

Join me for a calligraphy workshop in Manchester: online booking & info – modern calligraphy workshops

Photo credit: Jenny Jones Photography

Buy a modern calligraphy starter kit and begin your calligraphy adventures today! These include the oblique penholder I use every day!

NEW! Updated and revised modern calligraphy set

I’m super happy to tell you my NEW & IMPROVED modern calligraphy set is now available to buy in my Etsy shop.

modern calligraphy set

I’m so proud of this kit – we’ve sold them worldwide to calligraphy beginners and crafty folks, on Etsy and Not On The High Street – I think they’re the best modern calligraphy sets around.

Designed for absolute beginners, my calligraphy set includes pen, nib and ink; a 32 page instruction book full of letters, exercises and tips; a personalised journal with your name on, a set of gift tags, practice papers and a brush lettering pen. It’s all beautifully presented in a gold foiled gift box – perfect for birthdays! 😉

modern calligraphy set

The price is £65 and you can buy the modern calligraphy kit either from my Etsy shop or on Not On The High Street.

modern calligraphy set

Massive thank yous to lovely Jenny Jones Photography for the new photos too!

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If you’d rather learn calligraphy in person there are spaces available at my Manchester calligraphy workshop on Saturday the 26th of May. Come & join me! Details here:

Making your calligraphy practice fun!

I hate letter drills. Writing pages of a single letter isn’t for me – I think focusing to that extent is counter productive, to be honest. So I challenge myself to practise modern calligraphy in a fun way.

Image credit: Zehra Photographer

I use colour – it brightens my desk and changes the look of my letters. Writing in black ink on white paper is meh. Writing in a metallic pink on black card changes everything.

Image credit: Zehra Photographer

And I don’t practise letters. I practise words. Quotes are great, song lyrics are better – especially if you play Spotify in the background as you write. A single phrase, song title or line from a chorus becomes a gorgeous piece of calligraphy art – and the motivation to practise more! Here’s how –

  1. Choose your song lyric
  2. Find your best dark A4 paper and a bright calligraphy ink
  3. Draw a rectangle in pencil on the page – about the same size as your phone
  4. Write. Keep the entire phrase inside that rectangle if you can, leaving a wide border around the edge
  5. Find a cheap frame, and frame your lyrics!
  6. Give them to a friend, parent, sibling, lover… see how special a gift your lettering can be!
Image credit: Zehra Photographer

Find coloured card in any high street art shop, and buy inks from my online store at

Modern calligraphy workshops – upcoming dates for 2018

A reminder of upcoming modern calligraphy class dates for your diaries! Classes are spread throughout the year with a little break in the summer months. We have two more dates this spring:

Friday 6th April

Saturday 26th May

Classes are perfect for absolute beginners who want to try calligraphy for the first time. Bring along your mum, your friend or your partner and enjoy a relaxing afternoon learning a new skill!

Dates from September until the end of the year (taking bookings now) are:

Friday 7th September

Saturday 20th October

Friday 7th December

All workshops begin at one o’clock and finish at half past three. Click the links above to book, or see all workshops.

These calligraphy workshops are all in Manchester’s Northern Quarter, at the wonderful Craft & Design Centre, for easy accessibility from anywhere in the north of England.

To hire me to teach a calligraphy class in any other UK location please get in touch. I’m very happy to travel to new places and share the art and enjoyment of learning modern calligraphy!

Thank you to Inbetween Days Photography for the beautiful images of one of my 2017 workshops!